In Press

Azuara-Blanco, A. & Flin, R. (in press). Reducing complications through non-technical surgical skills. In N. Lois & D. Wong (Eds). Complications of Vitreo-Retinal Surgery. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Hogg, G., Stewart, F. & Ker, J. (in press). Over the counter clinical skills: enhancing the profile of the pharmacists' role through safe acquisition of clinical assessment skills. Clinical Teacher. Kelly, D., Lough, M. Rushmer, R.K., Wilkinson, J.E,, Greig, G. & Davies, H.T.O (in press). Diagnosing a learning practice: the validity and reliability of a Learning Practice Inventory (LPI). BMJ Quality & Safety. Ross, S. et al. (in press). Perceived causes of prescribing errors by junior doctors in hospital in-patients: A substudy from the PROTECT study. BMJ QS. Ross, S., Hamilton, L., Ryan C. & Bond C. (in press). Who makes prescribing decisions in hospital in-patients? An observational study. Postgraduate Medical Journal. Ryan et al. (in press). Prevalence and causes of prescribing errors in Scotland: The PRescribing Outcomes for Trainee doctors Engaged in Clinical Training (PROTECT) study. Implementation Science.


Agnew, C. & Flin, R. (2014). Senior charge nurses' leadership behaviours in relation to hospital ward safety: a mixed method study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 51, 768-780.

Ross, S., Patey, R. & Flin, R. (2014). Is it time for a nontechnical skills approach to prescribing? British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 78, 681-683.


Agnew, C., Flin, R. & Mearns, K. (2013) Patient safety climate and worker safety behaviours in acute hospitals in Scotland. Journal of Safety Research, 45, 95-101. Davey, P., Tully, V., Grant, A. et al. (2013). Learning from errors: what is the return on investment from training medical students in incident review? Clinical Risk, 19, 1-5. Flin, R., Fioratou, E., Frerk, C., Trotter, C. & Cook, T. (2013). Human factors in the development of complications of airway management: preliminary evaluation of an interview tool. Anaesthesia, 68, 817-825. Henrickson Parker, S.E., Flin, R., McKinley A. & Yule, S. (2013). Factors influencing surgeons' intraoperative leadership: Video analysis of unanticipated events in the Operating Room. World Journal of Surgery. Hermens, F., Flin, R. & Ahmed, I. (2013). Eye movements in surgery: A literature review. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 6, 1-11. Irwin, A., Mearns, K., Watson, M. & Urquhart, J. (2013). The effect of proximity, TALL MAN lettering and time pressure on accurate visual perception of drug names. Human Factors, 55, 253-266. Irwin, A., Laing, C. & Mearns, K. (2013). The impact of patient aggression on community pharmacists: a critical incident study. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 21, 20-27. Jacobs, R., Mannion, R., Davies, H., Harrison, S., Konteh, F. & Walshe, K. (2013). The relationship between organizational culture and performance in acute hospitals. Social Science & Medicine, 76, 115-125. Johnston, D., Jones, M., Charles, K., McCann, S. & McKee, L. (2013). Stress in nurses: stress related affect and its determinants examined over the nursing day. Annals of Behavioural Medicine, 45, 348-56. Manser, T., Foster, S., Flin, R. & Patey, R. (2013). Team communication during patient handover from the operating room: More than facts and figures. Human Factors, 55, 138-156. Mitchell, L., Flin, R., Yule, S., Mitchell, J., Coutts, K. & Youngson, G. (2013). Development of a behavioural marker system for scrub practitioners' non-technical skills. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 19, 317-323. Pauley, K., Flin, R. & Azuara-Blanco, A. (2013). Intra-operative decision making by ophthalmic surgeons. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 97, 1303-1307. Shields, W. & Flin. R. (2013). Paramedics' non-technical skills: a literature review. Emergency Medicine Journal, 30, 350-354.


Agnew, C., Flin, R. & Reid, J. (2012). Editorial: Nurse leadership and patient safety. BMJ, 345 e4589. Cleland, J., Walker, L., Watson, M. et al. (2012). Community pharmacists' perceptions of barriers to communication with migrants. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 20, 148-154. Davies, H. & Powell, A. (2012). Communicating social research findings more effectively: what can we learn from other fields? Evidence and Policy, 8, 213-233. Dreischulte, T., Grant, A., Donnan, P., McCowan, C., Davey, P. et al. (2012). A cluster randomised stepped wedge trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifaceted IT-based intervention in reducing high-risk prescribing of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antiplatelets in primary medical care: The DQIP study protocol. Implementation Science, 7,24.doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-24. Foy, R., Locock, L., Purdy, S., O'Donnell, C., Gray, N., Doran, T. & Davies, H. (2012). What do we talk about when we talk about the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) for primary care? Research shapes policy, but in subtle and surprising ways. Public Money & Management. Glavin, R. & Flin, R. (2012). The influence of psychology and human factors to education in anaesthesiology. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 59, 151-158. Henrickson Parker, S., Yule, S., Flin, R. & McKinley A. (2012). The Surgeons' Leadership Inventory (SLI): A taxonomy and rating system for surgeons' intraoperative leadership skills. The American Journal of Surgery. Henrickson Parker, S., Yule, S., Flin, R. & McKinley, A. (2012). Surgeons' leadership in the operating room: an observational study. The American Journal of Surgery, 204, 347-354. Irwin, A., Laing, C. & Mearns, K. (2012). Dealing with aggressive methadone patients in community pharmacy: a critical incident study. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 8, 542-551. Johnston, T. Yeoman, T., Chapman, S., Marwick, C. & Nathwani, D. (2012). Audit of staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia management in NHS Tayside and comparison with European Antibiotic Strategies study group international quality standards. J Antimicrob Chemother, 67, 2304-2306. Jones, M. & Johnston, D. (2012). Does clinical incident seriousness and receipt of work-based support influence mood experienced by nurses at work? A behavioural diary study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49, 978-987. Jones, M. & Johnston, D. (2012). Do mood and the receipt of work-based support influence nurse perceived quality of care delivery? A behavioural diary study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, 890-901. Marwick, C., Rae, N., Irvine, N. & Davey, P. (2012). Prospective study of severity assessment and management of acute medical admissions with skin and soft tissue infection. Antimicrob Chemother, 67, 1016-1019. Mitchell, L., Flin, R., Yule, S., Mitchell, J., Coutts, K. & Youngson, G. (2012). Evaluation of the Scrub Practitioners' List of Intraoperative Non-Technical Skills (SPLINTS) system. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49, 201-211. Murphy, D., Guthrie, B., Sullivan, F. et al. (2012). Insightful Practice: a reliable measure for medical revalidation. BMJ Quality and Safety, 21:649-656. Powell, A. & Davies, H. (2012). The struggle to improve patient care in the face of professional boundaries. Social Science & Medicine, 75, 807-814. Raduma-Tomas, M., Flin, R., Yule, S. & Close, S. (2012). The importance of preparation for doctors' handovers in an acute medical assessment unit: a hierarchical task analysis. BMJ Quality and Safety, 21, 211-217. Rigby, J. (2012). An evaluation for supportive observations in acute inpatient settings in a mental health trust. MSc Patient Safety Thesis, University of Aberdeen. Ross, J. (2012). Barriers and facilitators to the completion of medicines reconciliation for unscheduled adult admissions to an acute hospital setting. MSc Patient Safety Thesis, University of Aberdeen. Rutherford, J., Flin, R. & Mitchell, L. (2012). Teamwork, communication and anaesthetic assistance in Scotland. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 109, 21-26. Rutherford, J., Flin, R. & Mitchell, L. (2012). The non-technical skills of anaesthetic assistants in the peri-operative period: a literature review. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 109, 27-31. Thistlethwaite, J., Davies, H., Dornan, T., Greenhalgh, T., Hammick, M. & Scalese, R. (2012). What is evidence? Medical Teacher, 34, 454-457. Wilkinson, J., Rycroft-Malone, J. & Davies, H. (2012). A creative approach to the development of an agenda for knowledge utilisation: outputs from the 11th international knowledge utilisation colloquium (KU11). World Views on Evidence Based Nursing, Wilkinson, J. (2012). Non-Technical Skills in Ophthalmic Surgery. MSc Patient Safety Thesis, University of Aberdeen.


Arfanis, K., Fioratou, E. & Smith, A. (2011). Safety culture in anaesthesiology: Basic concepts and practical application. Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology, 25, 229-238. Azuara-Blanco, A., Reddy, A., Wilkinson, G. & Flin, R. (2011). Safe eye surgery: non-technical aspects. EYE, 25, 1109-1111. Barnett, K., McCowan, C., Evans, J., Gillespie, N., Davey, P. & Fahey, T. (2011). Prevalence and outcomes of use of potentially inappropriate medicines in older people: cohort study stratified by residence in nursing home or in the community. BMJ Quality and Safety, 20, 275-281. Charles, K., McKee, L. & McCann, S. (2011). 'Patient Safety: whose vision? (2011) In: Dickinson, H. & Mannion, S, Proceedings of the 7th Biennial International Conference in Organisational Behaviour in Health Care, London, Palgrave-Macmillan. Charles, K., McKee, L. & McCann, S. (2011). A quest for patient-safe culture: contextual influences on patient safety performance. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 16, 57-64. de Kraker, M., Wolkewitz, M., Davey, P. & Grundmann, H. (2011). The clinical impact of antimicrobial resistance in European hospitals: excess mortality and length of hospital stay related to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, doi: 10.1128/AAC.01157-10. de Kraker, M., Davey, P. & Grundmann, H. (2011). Mortality and Hospital Stay Associated with Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli Bacteremia: Estimating the Burden of Antibiotic Resistance in Europe, PLoS Med, 8, e1001104. Fioratou, E., Pauley, K. & Flin, R. (2011). Critical thinking in the operating theatre. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 12, 241-255. Fioratou, E., Main, J., McKean, M. & Johnston, P. (2011). Errors in cytology. Report to British Academy. Flin, R. & Patey, R. (2011). Non-technical skills for anaesthetists: developing and applying ANTS. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology, 25, 215-227. Guthrie, B., McCowan, C., Davey, P., Simpson, C., Dreischulte, T. & Barnett, K. (2011). High-risk prescribing in primary care patients particularly vulnerable to adverse drug events: cross-sectional population database analysis in Scottish general practice. BMJ, 342:d3514. Henrickson Parker, S., Yule, S., Flin, R. & McKinley, A. (2011). Towards a model of surgeons' leadership in the operating room. BMJ Quality & Safety, 20, 570-579. Irwin, A., Ross, J., Seaton, J. & Mearns, K. (2011). Restrospective analysis of DATIX dispensing error reports from Scottish NHS hospitals. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 19, 417-423. Johnston, P.W., Fioratou, E. & Flin, R. (2011). Non-technical skills in histopathology: definition and discussion. Histopathology, 59, 359-367. Kelly, D., Lough, M., Rushmer, R., Wilkinson, J., Greig, G. & Davies, H. (2011). Diagnosing a learning practice: the validity and reliability of a Learning Practice Inventory (LPI). BMJ Quality & Safety, 20, 209-215. Konteh, F., Mannion, R. & Davies, H. (2011). Understanding culture and culture management in the English NHS: a comparison of professional and patient perspectives. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 17, 111-117. Kumar, M. (2011). The role of incident reporting amongst surgeons: are we reporting clinical incidents and are lessons being learned? MSc Patient Safety Thesis, University of Aberdeen. Lamont, M. (2011). Non-technical skills for obstetric anaesthetists. MSc Patient Safety Thesis, University of Aberdeen. Lockhart, P. & Guthrie B. (2011). Trends in antidepressant prescribing in 1995-2007: a longitudinal population database analysis. British Journal of General Practice, 61, e565-e572. Marwick, C., Broomhall, J., McCowan, C. et al. (2011). Severity assessment of skin and soft tissue infections: cohort study of management and outcomes for hospitalised patients. J Antimicrob Chemother, 66, 387-397. Mitchell, L., Flin, R., Yule, S., Mitchell, J., Coutts, K. & Youngson G. (2011). Thinking ahead of the surgeon - An interview study to identify scrub practitioners' non-technical skills. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 48, 818-828. Morales, D., Guthrie, B., Lipworth, B., Donnan, P. & Jackson, C. (2011). Prescribing of β-adrenoceptor antagonists in asthma: an observational study. Thorax, 66, 502-506. Paterson, G., Rossi, J., MacLean, S., Davey, P. et al. (2011). A patient safety 'Student Selected Component' at the University of Dundee. International Journal of Clinical Skills, 5. Patey, R. et al. (2011). WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guide for Medical Schools. Evaluation Study. Report to WHO Patient Safety Programme. August 2011. Pauley, K., Flin, R., Yule, S. & Youngson, G. (2011). Surgeons' intraoperative decision making and risk management. American Journal of Surgery, 202, 375-381. Pulcini, C., Williams, F., Molinari, N., Davey, P. et al. (2011). Junior doctors' knowledge and perceptions of antibiotic resistance and prescribing: a survey in France and Scotland. Clin Microbiol Infect, 17, 80-87. Raduma-Tomàs, M.A., Flin, R., Yule, S. & Williams, D. (2011). Doctors' handovers in hospitals: A literature review. Quality and Safety in Healthcare, 20,128-133.
Reader, T., Flin, R. & Cuthbertson B. (2011). Team leadership in the Intensive Care Unit: The perspective of specialists. Critical Care Medicine 39, 1683-1691. Reader, T., Flin, R., Mearns, K. & Cuthbertson B. ( 2011). Team situation awareness and the anticipation of patient progress during ICU rounds. BMJ Quality & Safety, 20, 1035-1042. Sarac, C., Flin, R., Mearns, K, & Jackson, J. (2011). Hospital survey on patient safety culture: Psychometric analysis on a Scottish sample. BMJ Quality & Safety, 20, 842-848. Sargeant, J., McNaughton, E., Mercer, S., Murphy, D. et al. (2011). Providing feedback: Exploring a model (Emotion, Content, Outcomes) for facilitating multisource feedback. Medical Teacher, 33, 774-779. Shields, W. (2011). Paramedic non-technical skills: Aviation style behavioural rating systems. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 3, 676-680. Wilkinson, J., Nutley, S. & Davies, H. (2011). An exploration of the roles of nurse managers in evidence-based practice implementation. World Views on Evidence- Based Nursing, 8, 236-246. Wilkinson, J., Powell, A. & Davies, H. (2011). Are clinicians engaged in quality improvement? The Health Foundation, London. ISBN 978-1-906461-27-0. Zarb, P., Amadeo, B., Muller, A., Drapier, N., Vankerckhoven, V., Davey, P. et al. (2009). Identification of targets for quality improvement in antimicrobial prescribing: the web-based ESAC Point Prevalence Survey 2009. J Antimicrob Chemother, 66, 443-449.


Boyd, S., Aggarwal, I. Davey, P., Logan, M. & Nathwani, D. (2010). Peripheral intravenous catheters: the road to quality improvement and safer patient care. J. Hosp Infect doi 10.1016/j.jhin.2010.09.01. de Kraker, M., Wolkewitz, M., Davey, P. et al. (2010). Burden of antimicrobial resistance in European hospitals: excess mortality and length of hospital stay asociated with bloodstream infections due to Escherichia coli resistant to third-generation cephalosporins. J Antimicrob Chemother doi 10.1093/jac/dkq412. Fioratou, E., Flin, R., Glavin, R. & Patey, R. (2010). Beyond monitoring: distributed situation awareness in anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 105, 83-90. Flin, R. (2010). CRM (non-technical) skills Applications for and beyond the flight deck. In R. Helmreich, B. Kanki & J Anca (Eds) Crew Resource Managment (2nd Ed). New York: Elsevier Fioratou, E., Flin, R., & Glavin, R. (2010). No simple fix for fixation errors: cognitive processes and their clinical applications. Anaesthesia, 65, 61-69. Flin, R., Patey, R., Glavin, R. & Maran, N. (2010). Anaesthetists' non-technical skills.(ANTS). British Journal of Anaesthesia, 105, 38-44. Guthrie, B., Clark, S. & McCowan, C. (2010). The burden of psychotropic drug prescribing in people with dementia: a population database study. Age and Ageing 39, 637-642. Henrickson Parker, S., Laviana, A., Wadhera, R., Wiegmann, D.& Sundt, T.M. (2010). Development and evaluation of an observational tool for assessing surgical flow disruptions and their impact on surgical performance. World Journal of Surgery 34 (2), 353-361. Jackson, J., Sarac, C. & Flin, R. (2010). Hospital safety climate surveys: measurement issues. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 16, 632-638. Jarvis, R., Snadden, D. & Ker, J. (2010). Communication skills. In Dent & R. Harden Practical guide for medical teachers 3rd edition Churchill Livingston. McKee, L., West, M., Flin, R., Grant, A., Johnston, D., Jones, M., Miles, C., Charles, K., Dawson, J., McCann, S. & Yule, S. (2010). Understanding the dynamics of organisational culture change: creating safe places for patients and staff. SDO Grant Report. Link to report. Marwick, C., Broomhall, J., McCowan, C., Philips, G., Gonzalez-McQuire, S., Akhras, K., Merchant, S., Nathwani, D., Davey, P. (2010). Severity assessment of skin and soft tissue infections: cohort study of management and outcomes for hospitalised patients. J. Antimicrob Chemother doi 10.1093/jac/dkq362. Mitchell, L. (2010). Is it time to integrate non-technical skills and other human factors into perioperative training programmes? Journal of Perioperative Practice, 20, 9, 314. Ronan, D., Nathwani, D., Davey, P. et al. (2010). Predicting mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia and low CURB-65 scores. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. Runciman, Flin et al. (2010). Ontology of patient safety. QSHC, 19, 1-5. Steed, H. Groome, M., Rice, P., Simpson, K., Day, A. & Ker, J. (2010). Evaluation of a new core curriculum on alcohol use disorders for undergraduate medical students. Alcohol 45 (4): 395-397. Tully (2010). Managing Incident Reviews. An online course to support Final Year medical students at University of Dundee who are reviewing medication incidents and prescribing errors Wadhera, R., Henrickson Parker, S., Burkhart, H., Greason, K., Neal, J., Levenick, K. & Sundt, T.M.(2010). Is the "sterile cockpit" concept applicable to cardiovascular surgery critical intervals or critical events? The impact of protocol-driven communication during cardiopulmonary bypass. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 139, 312-19. Walshe, K. & Davies, H.T.O. (2010). Research, influence and impact: deconstructing the norms of health services research commissioning. Policy & Society: 29 (2), 103-11. Wolkewitz, M., Frank, U., Philips, G., Schumacher, M. & Davey, P. (2010). Mortality associated with in-hospital bacteraemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus: a multistate analysis with follow-up beyond hospital discharge. J. Antimicrob Chemother doi 10.1093/jac/dkq424. Youngson, G. & Flin, R. (2010). Editorial: Patient safety in surgery: non-technical aspects of safe surgical performance. Patient Safety in Surgery, 2010, 4:4.


Arnold, J., Johnson, L., Tucker, S., Malec, J., Henrickson, S. & Dunn, W. (2009). Evaluation tools in simulation learning: Performance and self-efficacy in emergency response. Clinical Simulation in Nursing 5 (1), e35-e43. Bromiley, M. & Mitchell, L. (2009). Would you speak up if the consultant got it wrong?...and would you listen if someone said you'd got it wrong? Journal of Perioperative Practice, Safer Surgery Special Issue, 19, 326-329. Download pdf article. Burkhart, H., Riley, J., Henrickson Parker, S., Glenn, G., Lynch, J., Arnold, J., Dearani, J, Schaff, H. & Sundt, T. (2009). The successful application of simulation-based training in thoracic surgery residency. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Flin, R. & Patey, R. (2009). Editorial: Improving patient safety through training in non-technical skills. BMJ, 339:b3595. Download article Flin, R. & Mitchell, L. (Eds) (2009). Safer Surgery. Analysing Behaviour in the Operating Theatre. Farnham: Ashgate. Flin, R., Patey, R., Jackson, J., Mearns, K. & Dissanayaka, U. (2009). First year medical undergraduates' knowledge of and attitudes to medical error. Medical Education, 43, 1147-1155. Flin, R., Winter, J., Sarac, C. & Raduma M. (2009). Human Factors in Patient Safety: Review of Topics and Tools. Report for Methods and Measures Working Group of WHO Patient Safety. Geneva: World Health Organization. Download pdf article. Greene, Guthrie et al (2009, in press). Quality and Safety in Health Care. Henrickson Parker, S., Wadhera, R., ElBardissi, A., Wiegmann, D. & Sundt, T. (2009). A human factors analysis of cardiopulmonary bypass machines and associated components and procedures. Journal of Extracorporeal Technology, 41 (2), 57-64. Henrickson Parker, S., Schnell, J., White, A. (2009). Basics of human factors and patient safety. OR Nurse, 3 (3), 6-9. Jung, T., Scott, J., Davies, H. et al. (2009). Instruments for Exploring Organizational Culture: A review of the literature. Public Administration Review, 69, 1087-1096. Mannion, R., Davies, H. et al. (2009). From cultural cohesion to rules and competition: the trajectory of senior management culture in English NHS hospitals, 2001-2008. (2009). Journal of Royal Society of Medicine, 102, 332-336. Mannion, R., Konteh, F. & Davies, H. (2009). Assessing organisational culture for quality and safety improvement: a national survey of tools and tool use. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 18, 153-156. Marwick, C. & Davey, P. (2009). Care bundles: the holy grail of infectious risk management in hospital? Curr Op Infectious Diseases, 22, 364-369. Murphy, D., Bruce, D., Mercer, S. & Eva, K. (2009). The reliability of workplace-based assessment in postgraduate medical education and training: a national evaluation in general practice in the United Kingdom. Advances in Health Science Education, 14, 219-232. Powell, A., Davies, H., Bannister, J. & Macrae, W. (2009). The challenge of improving postoperative pain management: case studies of three acute pain services in the UK National Health Service. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 102, 824-831. Powell, A., Davies, H., Bannister, J. & Macrae, W. (2009). Understanding the challenges of service change - learning from acute pain services in the UK. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 102, 62-68. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement: recognising the challenges. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 17-21. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement: some necessary conditions. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 62-68. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement: TQM and CQI appproaches. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 114-120. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement: BPR. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 166-171. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Practitioner-led rapid cycle change. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 218-222. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement:Lean. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 270-275. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement: Six Sigma. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 322-326. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. (2009). Effective quality improvement: conclusions. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 15, 374-379. Powell, A., Rushmer, R. & Davies, H. A systematic narrative review of quality improvement models in health care. Quality Improvement Scotland (QIS); Edinburgh 2009. ISBN 1-84404-524-2. Reader, Flin, Mearns & Cuthbertson (2009). Developing a team performance framework for the Intensive Care Unit, Critical Care Medicine, 37 (5), 1787-93. Download pdf article. Yule, S., Rowley, D., Flin, R., Maran, N., Youngson, G., Duncan, J. & Paterson-Brown, S. (2009). Experience matters: comparing novice and expert ratings of non-technical skills using the NOTSS system. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 79, 154-160. Download pdf article.


Baldie, D., Entwistle, V. & Davey, P. (2008). The information and support needs of patients discharged after a short hospital stay for treatment of low-risk Community Acquired Pneumonia: implications for treatment without admission. BMC Pulmonary Medicine; 8: 11. Barlow, G., Nathwani, D., Myers, E. et al.(2008). Identifying barriers to the rapid administration of appropriate antibiotics in community-acquired pneumonia. J Antimicrob Chemo; 61: 442-51. Burnett, E., Phillips, G., Ker, J.S. (2008). From theory to practice in learning about healthcare associated infections: reliable assessment of final year medical students' ability to reflect. Med Teach; 30: e157-60. Coid, D. & Davies, H. (2008). Structural change in health care: what's the attraction? Journal of Royal Society of Medicine, 101, 278-281. Davey, P.G. & Marwick, C. (2008). Appropriate vs. inappropriate antimicrobial therapy. Clinical Microbiology and Infection; 14: 15-21. Engle, N., Patey R. et al. (2008). Non-technical skills. Student BMJ, 16, 454-455. Evans, J.M., Guthrie, B, Pagliari, C. et al. Do general practice characteristics influence uptake of an information technology (IT) innovation in primary care? Inform Prim Care 2008; 16: 3-8. Flin, R. et al (2008). Safety at the Sharp End. A Guide to Non-Technical Skills. Aldershot: Ashgate. Guthrie, B., Saultz, J., Freeman, G. et al. (2008). Continuity of care matters. BMJ; 337: 548-9. Guthrie, B. (2008). Measuring the quality of healthcare systems using composites. BMJ; 337: 418-9. Hogg, Lorente, Keith, Ramsay, Ambrose, Owen & Ker (2008). The evaluation of a ward simulation exercise to support hospital at night practitioners develop safe practice Int J Clin Skills 2 , 112-117 Hopf, Y., Watson, M.C., Williams, D. (2008). Adverse-drug-reaction related admissions to a hospital in the North-East of Scotland. Pharm World Sci ;30:854-862. Huby, Guthrie et al (2008). Journal of Health Organization and Management 22(1): 63-78. Konteh, F., Mannion, R. & Davies, H. (2008). Clinical governance managers' views on culture and quality improvement. Clinical governance: an international journal, 13, 200-207. Ker, J., Cantillon, P.,& Ambrose, L. Teaching on a ward round. BMJ 2008; 337: a1930. Mannion, R. & Davies, H. (2008). Incentives in health systems; developing theory, investigating practice. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 22, 5-10. Mannion, R. & Davies, H. (2008). Payment for performance in health care. BMJ, 336, 306-308. McMurdo, Davey et al (2008). Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy .: dkn489. Mitchell & Flin (2008). Non-technical skills of the operating theatre scrub nurse. A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 63, 15-24. Murphy, D., Bruce, D. & Eva, K. (2008). Workplace-based assessment for general practitioners: using stakeholder perception to aid blueprinting of an assessment battery. Medical Education, 42, 96-103. Neville, R.G., Reed, C., Boswell, B, et al. (2008). Early experience of the use of short message service (SMS) technology in routine clinical care. Inform Prim Care, 16: 203-11. Owen, L., Byrne, D.& Ker, J. (2008). A learning package for medical students in a busy urology department: design, implementation, and evaluation. Urology, 72, 982-6. Owen, Byrne & Ker (2008). How useful is simulation in preparing students for practice in the ambulatory care setting? Int J Clin Skills, 2 ,17-20 Pulcini, C., Defres. S., Aggarwal, I. et al.(2008). Design of a 'day 3 bundle' to improve the reassessment of inpatient empirical antibiotic prescriptions. J Antimicrob Chemoth; 61: 1384-8. Ramsay, J., Keith, G.& Ker, J.S. Use of simulated patients for a communication skills exercise. Nurs Stand 2008; 22: 39-44. Shepherd, Ambrose, Somerville & Ker (2008). Medical undergraduates' competence and confidence in Basic Life Support Skills Int J Clin Skills, 2, 30-34 Williams, D., Olsen, S., et al (2008). Detection of adverse events in a Scottish hospital using a consensus-based methodology. Scottish Medical Journal, 53, 26-30. Download pdf article. Yule, Flin et al (2008). Surgeons’ non-technical skills in the operating room. Reliability testing of the NOTSS behaviour rating system. World Journal of Surgery, 32, 548-556. Yule, Flin, Rowley, Mitchell, Youngson et al.(2008). Debriefing surgical trainees on non-technical skills (NOTSS) Cognition, Technology & Work, 10, 265-274.